Reported statements, questions, orders, recommendations, suggestions

Reported statements

FORM: verb (+that) + clause

– ‘He works in television,’ she said.
– She said (that) he worked in television.
– ‘I took the money,’ she admitted.
– She admitted (that) she had taken the money.

Reported questions

Reported Yes/No questions

FORM: When there is no question word in the direct speech question, we use if/whether. Word order is the same as the statement. The verb tense and other changes are the same as for other types of reported speech.

– ‘Could I borrow your bike?’ she asked.
– She asked if/whether she could borrow my bike.

Reported wh- questions

FORM: The wh- word is followed by statement word order (subject followed by verb). All tense and other changes are the same as for other types of reported speech.

– ‘Why did you leave the job?’ she asked him.
– She asked him why he had left that job.
– ‘Where is the swimming pool?’ he asked her.
– He asked her where the swimming pool was.

Reported statements, questions, orders, recommendations, suggestions

Reported orders

FORM: verb + object + infinitive with to

– ‘Please open your suitcase’, said the customs official.
– The customs official told/ordered me to open my suitcase.

Reported recommendations

FORM: recommend + (that) + clause; recommend + -ing

– ‘I’d buy the red coat,’ my friend said.
– My friend recommended buying/(that) I buy the read coat.

Reported suggestions

FORM: suggest + -ing
suggest + that + past simple
suggest + that + (should) + infinitive without to

– ‘Let’s pay half each,’ she said.
– She suggested paying half each.
– She suggested we paid half each.
– She suggested that we should pay half each.

Watch out!
We can’t say: She suggested to pay/suggested us to pay half each.


Reported statements, questions, orders, recommendations, suggestions publicat: 2017-11-26T15:40:53+00:00, actualizat: 2017-11-26T15:40:53+00:00 by Colegiu.info