Reported statements, questions, orders, recommendations, suggestions

Reported statements

FORM: verb (+that) + clause

He works in television, she said.
– She said (that) he worked in television.
I took the money, she admitted.
– She admitted (that) she had taken the money.

Reported questions

Reported Yes/No questions

FORM: When there is no question word in the direct speech question, we use if/whether. Word order is the same as the statement. The verb tense and other changes are the same as for other types of reported speech.

Could I borrow your bike? she asked.
– She asked if/whether she could borrow my bike.

Reported wh- questions

FORM: The wh- word is followed by statement word order (subject followed by verb). All tense and other changes are the same as for other types of reported speech.

Why did you leave the job? she asked him.
– She asked him why he had left that job.
Where is the swimming pool? he asked her.
– He asked her where the swimming pool was.

Reported statements, questions, orders, recommendations, suggestions

Reported orders

FORM: verb + object + infinitive with to

Please open your suitcase, said the customs official.
– The customs official told/ordered me to open my suitcase.

Reported recommendations

FORM: recommend + (that) + clause
recommend + -ing

I’d buy the red coat, my friend said.
– My friend recommended buying/(that) I buy the red coat.

Reported suggestions

FORM: suggest + -ing
suggest + that + past simple
suggest + that + (should) + infinitive without to

Let’s pay half each, she said.
– She suggested paying half each.
– She suggested we paid half each.
– She suggested that we should pay half each.

Watch out!
We can’t say: She suggested to pay/us to pay half each.


Reported statements, questions, orders, recommendations, suggestions publicat: 2022-06-03T12:40:53+03:00, actualizat: 2022-06-03T13:55:43+03:00 by Colegiu.info