Relative pronouns, Defining relative clauses, Non-defining relative clauses

Relative pronouns

The most common relative pronouns are:
who : to refer to people
which : to refer to things
that : to refer to either people or things
whose : the possesive of who and which
when : used after nouns reffering to time
where : used after nouns referring to place.

Defining relative clauses

– We use defining relative clauses to define or identify a noun. They tell us exactly which person, thing, time or place we are talking about.
– No commas are used.
– Defining relative clauses are common in informal speech.
– We can use that to refer to things. That can also be used in informal speech to refer to people.

Examples

– That’s the shop where I got my new jeans.
– Here’s the CD that you wanted.
– Sally is the woman who is standing next to my door.
– That’s the boy whose brother is in my class.

Relative pronouns, Defining relative clauses, Non-defining relative clauses

Non-defining relative clauses

– We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra information. They tell us more about a person, thing, time or place that is already identified.
– Commas are used before and after the relative clause.
– Non-defining relative clauses are generally more formal and more common in writing.
– We don’t usually use that in non-defining relative clauses.

Examples

– Prague, where my uncle lives, is a very beautiful city.
– In June, when the weather is warmer, we’ll have lunch in the garden.
– I saw the new Harry Potter film, which I really loved.


Relative pronouns, Defining relative clauses, Non-defining relative clauses publicat: 2018-05-16T16:02:04+00:00, actualizat: 2018-05-16T17:50:40+00:00 by Colegiu.info