Present simple, Present continuous

Present simple

Form

Positive statements

– I/You/We/They speak English.
– He/She/It speaks English.

Negative statements

– I/You/We/They don’t speak English.
– He/She/It doesn’t speak English.

Questions

Do I/You/We/They speak English?
Does He/She/It speak English?

Short Answers

Yes, I/You/We/They do.
No, I/You/We/They don’t.
Yes, He/She/It does.
No, He/She/It doesn’t.

Use

We use the present simple:

With habits, routine or regular repeated actions (often with adverbs of frequency, e.g. always, sometimes, every day)

I visit my grandmother every Saturday morning.
– She doesn’t do any exercise.
– They sometimes go to the cinema on Friday evening.

When we are talking about permanent situations

– I work in the town centre.
Do you live near here?

With „state” verbs which are not normally used in continuous forms: be, have, depend, know, think, understand, disagree, like, want, hear, love, see, smell, taste

– I want to see that new film.
– I am confused – I don’t understand what you mean.

In spoken instructions, systems and processes

– You take the number 73 bus and get off at the Hight Street.
– First, you put the soap in, then you turn it on.

Present simple, Present continuous

Present continuous

Form

The present form of be + the -ing form of the verb.

Contracted forms

I’m (I am) + -ing form.
you’re (you are) + -ing form.
she/he’s (she/he is) + -ing form.
it’s (it is) + -ing form.
we’re (we are) + -ing form.
they’re (they are) + -ing form.

Use

We use the present continuous when we are talking about:

Actions happening now

– Nina‘s watching for a bus.

Temporary situations

– I‘m staying with my cousins at the moment.

Changing or developing situations

– The world’s climate is getting warmer.

Plans and arrangements in the future

– We‘re meeting at 7 o’clock this evening.


Present simple, Present continuous publicat: 2018-03-08T09:41:10+00:00, actualizat: 2018-03-08T10:01:06+00:00 by Colegiu.info