Present simple, Present continuous

Present simple

a) Form

Positive statements:
– I/You/We/They speak English.
– He/She/It speaks English.

Negative statements:
– I/You/We/They don’t speak English.
– He/She/It doesn’t speak English.

Questions:
Do I/You/We/They speak English?
Does He/She/It speak English?

Short Answers:
Yes, I/You/We/They do.
No, I/You/We/They don’t.
Yes, He/She/It does.
No, He/She/It doesn’t.

b) Use

We use the present simple:

1. with habits, routine or regular repeated actions (often with adverbs of frequency, e.g. always, sometimes, every day):
I visit my grandmother every Saturday morning.
– She doesn’t do any exercise.
– They sometimes go to the cinema on Friday evening.

2. when we are talking about permanent situations:
– I work in the town centre.
Do you live near here?

3. with „state” verbs which are not normally used in continuous forms: be, have, depend, know, think, understand, disagree, like, want, hear, love, see, smell, taste:
– I want to see that new film.
– I am confused – I don’t understand what you mean.

4. in spoken instructions, systems and processes:
– You take the number 73 bus and get off at the Hight Street.
– First, you put the soap in, then you turn it on.

Present simple, Present continuous

Present continuous

a) Form

The present form of be + the -ing form of the verb.

Contracted forms:
I’m (I am) + -ing form.
you’re (you are) + -ing form.
she/he’s (she/he is) + -ing form.
it’s (it is) + -ing form.
we’re (we are) + -ing form.
they’re (they are) + -ing form.

b) Use

We use the present continuous when we are talking about:

1. actions happening now
– Nina‘s watching for a bus.

2. temporary situations
– I‘m staying with my cousins at the moment.

3. changing or developing situations
– The world’s climate is getting warmer.

4. plans and arrangements in the future
– We‘re meeting at 7 o’clock this evening.

Present simple, Present continuous publicat: 2017-03-02T19:41:10+00:00, actualizat: 2017-03-02T19:41:10+00:00 by Colegiu.info