Participle clauses, Passives

Participle clauses

A participle clause can be used after a noun instead of a relative clause.

An -ing particle replaces an active verb

– Students hoping to go on the trip should register now.

An -ed participle replaces a passive verb

– Everyone selected for the team must see the coach today.

A participle clause can be used to replace words like because, since, so, as a result, when

Tired after the long journey, they went to bed early.
Having read the book, I found the film easy to follow.
Having finally finished our shopping, we went and had a coffee.

Participle clauses, Passives


We use the passive when the active form would require the use of an indefinite or vague pronoun or noun

Someone will process your application soon.
– Your application will be processed soon.

We often use the passive to make a statement sound less personal, or to avoid mentioning the agent

– Offenders will be prosecuted.

We often use the passive with verbs such as think, believe, know and say to suggest that it is a general opinion

– She is said to be our gratest living writer.

We sometimes use the passive to avoid an awkward change of subject in the middle of a sentence

– She first saw the film when she was fifteen, and some on the scenes have haunted her ever since.
– She first saw the film when she was fifteen, and has been haunted ever since by some of the scenes.

If the subject is not the agent, we can use a passive infinitive

– There’s nothing else to be said about it.

Participle clauses, Passives publicat: 2018-09-28T11:14:51+03:00, actualizat: 2018-09-28T11:17:09+03:00 by