Types of comparison, Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives, More and most + adjectives

Types of comparison

There are three types of comparison:

1. To a higher degree (comparative form + than)

– Mountain climbing is more dangerous than windsurfing.
– The Andes mountains are higher than the Alps.

2. To the same degree (as … as)

– Hiring a car would cost just as much as getting a taxi.
– I don’t enjoy swimming as much as I used to.

3. To a lower degree (with less + than and the least)

– I am less keen on taking risks than I used to be.
– Antarctica is the least densely populated continent.

Types of comparison, Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives, More and most + adjectives

Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives

1. One-syllable adjectives

Add -er and -est to form the comparative and superlative of one-syllable adjectives:
– Which is the highest mountain in the world?

For one-syllable adjectives ending in a vowel + a consonant, double the consonant:
– hot – hotterhottest.

For one-syllable adjectives ending in -e, add -r and -st:
– fine – finerfinest.

2. Two-syllable adjectives ending in -y and -ow

For two-syllable adjectives ending in -y after a consonant, drop the -y and add -ier and -iest.
– Childhood is the happiest time of your life.

For two-syllable adjectives ending in -ow, add -er and -est.
– The road became narrower as we went along.

More and most + adjectives

Use more and most with:

Two-syllable adjectives

– Walking at high altitudes is more tiring than at sea level.
– It was the most boring magazine I’d ever read.

Adjectives with three or more syllables

– This exam was more difficult than the last one.
– This is the most interesting book I’ve read.


Types of comparison, Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives, More and most + adjectives publicat: 2017-09-16T15:34:27+00:00, actualizat: 2017-09-16T15:42:54+00:00 by Colegiu.info