Present perfect simple, Present perfect continuous

Present perfect simple

We use the present perfect simple:

To talk about states, single or repeated actions over a long period of time up to the present

(often with ever/never, often/always)

– I‘ve always wanted to be an actor.
Have you ever been to Australia?
– I‘ve only used my mobile phone once since I bought it.
– She‘s read that book at least ten times.
– That’s the first time I’ve ever eaten octopus.
– It’s the worst concert I‘ve ever been to.

To talk about recent single actions with a present result

(often with just, already, yet)

– I‘ve already seen that film and I don’t want to see it again.
Have you finished your essay yet?
– Our friends have just arrived.

To talk about an unfinished period of time up to the present

(often with for/since, this week/month/year)

– Tomoko has lived in England for five years.
– I‘ve been in love with Stella since 2002.
– I‘ve loved travelling all my life.
– I‘ve disliked bananas since I was a child.
– We haven’t had a holiday this year.

Present perfect simple, Present perfect continuous

Present perfect continuous

We use the present perfect continuous:

To talk about a recent activity when the effects if that activity can still be seen

– Why are you out of breath?
– I‘ve been running.

To emphasise how long an action has been going on for, or that is has been repeated many times

– I‘ve been replaying to emails all morning.
– I‘ve been cleaning the house all day.

To suggest that an activity is temporary

– I‘ve been living here for five years but I’m going to move soon.

To suggest that an action is not complete

– I‘ve been reading War and Peace, but I haven’t finished it yet.

Watch out! We don’t use verbs that refer to a state (e.g. be, know, love) in the continuous form.


Present perfect simple, Present perfect continuous publicat: 2017-12-16T13:44:55+00:00, actualizat: 2017-12-16T13:44:55+00:00 by Colegiu.info